Can drinking tea help us understand climate change?
Yes. Teabags can provide vital information on the global carbon cycle. And consumers worldwide can improve climate modelling without much effort or equipment. That is why we want you, tea consumers, to become tea researchers and help us to plant tea.
We developed a simple and cheap method to measure decay rate of plant material by using tea. The method consists of burying tea bags with Green tea and Rooibos and digging them up ca. three months later. In this period, the tea will decay, and will therefore show what will happen with normal plant material in the soil. This method was developed and tested by a team of researchers from the University of Utrecht, Umeå University, The Netherlands Institute of Ecology and the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety Ltd.
The scientific value of this new method has already been acknowledged and experiments are currently running in countries all over the world. Many school children and other citizen scientists joined. The idea is to use this new method to collect data on decay rates from all over the world. With this data we will make a global soil map, and consequently improve global climate models that use these maps.
The very first tea bags were buried in 2010 and later that year, Joost, Taru and the former TBI member Bas Dingemans followed a PE&RC Soil Ecology course in Wageningen and developed the method in more detail. This stimulated us to do more background experiments and develop a theoretical framework. All this work resulted in the publication of the method in MEE in 2013. This resolved in a lot of attention and the publication received two prices. In 2015, the Swedish Vetenskapsrådet granted the teatime4science project, which enabled us to take the TBI project global. In 2016 and 2017 we gathered all the people from all over the world and discussed a wide variety of uses of the method in TBI workshops in Reading (UK) and Vienna (AT). The next workshop will be held in Helsinki (FI) in June 2018.
During 2014-2016, we collected data from about 2000 locations, with a rather equal spread across different vegetation types around the globe. In 2017, Lipton changed the fabric of the bags, from woven, nylon into nonwoven, Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bags, while the tea inside has remained the same. We therefore launched TBI 2.0, where we collect data from the nonwoven bags and perform additional measurements to clarify the effect of this change on the decomposition rates measured in laboratory and outdoor incubations. Within Teatime4science, we still collect data from the nylon woven tea bags, as we think that the new mesh size might result in unknown interactions and comparison cannot be achieved with a simple conversion factor. You are therefore encouraged to submit your data both from woven and nonwoven bags, but please clearly indicate which bags you used.
In 2021, we got funding for 2 more years of tea bag work aiming to make the tea bag data available for society in a project funded by Formas (Sweden).
As TBI team, we have developed several collaborations and started up some sisbling-projects.
- TeaTales 2021-2022: Funded by the Swedish council Formas. Aim: to explain what tea data can tell us.
- Teatime4science, 2015-2020, funded by the Swedish research council, Vetenskapsrådet.
- Tepåseförsöket, 2015, The with the Swedish Foskare Fredag, where the TBI featured as mass experiment.
- NETLAKE, 2016, a COST-action. NETLAKE (Networking Lake Observatories in Europe) is an EU COST Action (ES 1201) that aims to build a network of sites and individuals to support the development and deployment of sensor-based systems in lakes and reservoirs, and promote their use to address both current and future water quality issues in Europe. The NETLAKE Citizen Science water quality survey will be performed by citizens interested in their local lake, with help from local scientists. Together, we looked at water temperature, water colour, how fast the lake community can decompose dead material and how much microplastic is present in the lake in 2016.
- Teatime4schools: The Sparkling Science project “TeaTime4Schools”, where students bury tea and investigate the relation between decomposition and microbial activity of the soil with DNA extraction workshops at the Vienna Open Lab. Over the two-year term, the Higher Federal Institute for Wine and Fruit Production in Klosterneuburg will bury teabags in different soils at four different times and determine the rate of decomposition. In addition, the microbial communities in the soil under investigation are analyzed by means of next-generation sequencing analysis. In addition to the partner school, 150 Austrian school classes will be involved in the project, and will determine the Tea Bag Index in soils close to their schools.
Want to join?
On this website you can find all the information on the method. All you need is a good scale (0.01 precision) and a spoon to dig. Of course you also need tea. You can buy this online, but if you cannot find it online, or if you have any other questions, you can contact us.
If you are interested in using the database for your own research questions, please contact us.
We gratefully thank all the people that have contributed data of woven tea bags so far. You can see their contribution on the map, read their stories or see pictures of their activities.